Single-injection paravertebral block compared to general anaesthesia in breast surgery
Article first published online: 19 JAN 2002
Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Volume 43, Issue 7, pages 770–774, August 1999
How to Cite
Pusch, F., Freitag, H., Weinstabl, C., Obwegeser, R., Huber, E. and Wildling, E. (1999), Single-injection paravertebral block compared to general anaesthesia in breast surgery. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, 43: 770–774. doi: 10.1034/j.1399-6576.1999.430714.x
- Issue published online: 19 JAN 2002
- Article first published online: 19 JAN 2002
- Received 21 July, accepted for publication 17 November 1998
- Cited By
- single injection;
- breast surgery;
- restricted movement;
Background: Breast surgery is frequently associated with postoperative nausea, vomiting, pain and painful restricted movement. Paravertebral block may be an alternative to general anaesthesia for this type of surgery. We studied the single-injection paravertebral block at the level of T4 and report a comparison of single-injection paravertebral block to general anaesthesia for breast surgery.
Methods: After written informed consent was obtained, 86 patients were enrolled in this prospective study. Forty-four women were randomly allocated to receive a single-injection paravertebral block at the level of T4, while 42 women received general anaesthesia. The surgical procedures varied from lumpectomy (wide local excision of a tumour) to modified radical mastectomy with axillary dissection. The block was performed according to the guidelines described by Eason and Wyatt using 0.3 ml · kg−1 (maximum dose 150 mg) of bupivacaine 0.5%. The skin and the underlying tissues were infiltrated with local anaesthetic solution two fingers (about 3 cm) from the anatomical midline and level with the cephalad end of the vertebral spine.
Results: Time for performance of blocks lasted from 4 to 9 min. Recovery from anaesthesia or sedation was shortened, while postoperative pain scores (VAS), the incidence of vomiting and the requirement for analgesics were lower in the paravertebral group. Less painful restricted movement was observed in the paravertebral block group. Paravertebral block was inadequate in 6.8% of patients. Epidural spread with paraparaesis and Horner triad was assumed in one patient.
Conclusion: Single-injection paravertebral block at the level of T4 represents a suitable alternative to general anaesthesia in women undergoing breast surgery.