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Diffusion-weighted MR findings of central pontine and extrapontine myelinolysis

Authors


M. Kim, Department of Neurology, Seoul National University Hospital,
28, Yongon-Dong, Chongno-Gu,
Seoul 110–744, South Korea
Tel.: +82 2 760 2193
Fax: +82 2 3672 7553
e-mail: kimmanho@snu.ac.kr

Abstract

Diffusion-weighted MR (DWI) can detect changes in water diffusion associated with cellular dysfunction, which enables the differentiation of cytotoxic edema from vasogenic edema. In this study on DWI findings in central pontine (CPM) and extrapontine myelinolysis (EPM), DWI showed high signal intensities in the bilateral pons, midbrain, and genu of the corpus callosum. The corresponding apparent diffusion coefficient values were rather low. This suggests that cytotoxic edema does in fact exist in CPM and EPM and that DWI can be useful in the rapid diagnosis and prediction of the various types of edema occurring in active demyelinating diseases.

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