Incidence of adult epilepsy in Estonia
Article first published online: 12 AUG 2003
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Volume 108, Issue 4, pages 245–251, October 2003
How to Cite
Õun, A., Haldre, S. and Mägi, M. (2003), Incidence of adult epilepsy in Estonia. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, 108: 245–251. doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0404.2003.00121.x
- Issue published online: 12 AUG 2003
- Article first published online: 12 AUG 2003
- Accepted for publication November 14, 2002
- Eastern Europe;
Purpose – To estimate the main incidence-related characteristics of epilepsy in an adult population in Estonia. Epidemiologic data about epilepsy from central and eastern Europe is controversial.
Methods – All existing databases and lists in the area were reviewed to identify all persons with newly diagnosed epilepsy aged ≥20 years during 3 years. Special attention was paid to extensive adoption of definitions and criteria proposed by Guidelines for epidemiologic studies.
Results – Crude and age-adjusted incidence rates were 35 per 100,000 person-years. The age-specific rates tended to increase with advancing age. Of the seizure types, partial seizures had highest rates, 27 per 100,000. The largest syndromic categories were localization-related epilepsies. Risk factors for epilepsy were identified in 55.5% cases.
Conclusions – Incidence-related characteristics in the adult population of Tartu was comparable with those reported from the developed countries. The predominance of localization-related syndromes and partial seizures is the result of age distribution of the study.