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Management and outcome of pregnancy in women with thrombophylic disorders and past cerebrovascular events

Authors

  • David Soriano,

    1. From the *Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and the †Rheumatology Unit, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel. Aviv University, Tel. Aviv, Israel
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  • Howard Carp,

    1. From the *Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and the †Rheumatology Unit, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel. Aviv University, Tel. Aviv, Israel
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  • Daniel S. Seidman,

    1. From the *Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and the †Rheumatology Unit, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel. Aviv University, Tel. Aviv, Israel
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  • Eyal Schiff,

    1. From the *Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and the †Rheumatology Unit, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel. Aviv University, Tel. Aviv, Israel
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  • Pnina Langevitz,

    1. From the *Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and the †Rheumatology Unit, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel. Aviv University, Tel. Aviv, Israel
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  • Shlomo Mashiach,

    1. From the *Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and the †Rheumatology Unit, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel. Aviv University, Tel. Aviv, Israel
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  • Motti Dulitzky

    1. From the *Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and the †Rheumatology Unit, Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, and Sackler School of Medicine, Tel. Aviv University, Tel. Aviv, Israel
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Address for correspondence:
David Soriano
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Sheba Mesical Center
Tel-Hashomer,
52621 Israel
e-mail: didi_s@zahav.net.il

Abstract

Objective.To evaluate the maternal and fetal outcome in a cohort of women undergoing a subsequent pregnancy after a previous cerebrovascular event in the presence of thrombophilia.

Patients. Fifteen pregnancies were followed up in 12 women with past cerebrovascular events and thrombophilic disorders. The cerebrovascular events occurred during a previous pregnancy in five patients. Six patients had a bad obstetric history including intrauterine fetal death in four cases, early onset of severe preeclampsia in two cases and one infant that was small for gestational age.

The thrombophilic disorders included: anti–phospholipid syndrome, protein C, S or antithrombin III deficiencies, mutations of the methyltetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR). All patients received prophylactic treatment with low molecular weight heparin and low dose aspirin.

Results. Thromboembolic complications occurred in four pregnancies. Postpartum complications occurred in one patient; deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary emboli after stopping anticoagulation treatment. No patient had long-term neurologic damage. All pregnancies except one resulted in live births. (mean gestational age at delivery 36 ± 3. 7 weeks, mean birth weight 2656 ± 811 g). The one remaining pregnancy was electively terminated. There was one neonatal death due to the complications of severe prematurity in a woman with severe HELLP syndrome.

Conclusion. This preliminary data suggests that women with a history of cerebrovascular events and thrombophilic disorders receiving prophylactic treatment, have a relatively favorable pregnancy outcome, however, they remain at significant risk during pregnancy further studies are necessary to determine the optimal prophylactic treatment.

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