Background. To evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) surgery combined with gynecologic surgery using general anesthesia.
Methods. One hundred and six women with genuine stress incontinence (GSI) diagnosed with a traditional urodynamic examination were prospectively enrolled into this study. All of the 106 women underwent TVT surgery for the treatment of GSI, along with a concomitant hysterectomy procedure, under general anesthesia. We estimated the severity of incontinence symptoms on a visual analog scale (VAS), and used a questionnaire for subjective assessment before and after TVT surgery. The objective assessment of urinary incontinence was carried out with a 1-h pad test and traditional urodynamic examination. Of the 106 patients, 50 had uterine prolapse and underwent transvaginal hysterectomy and anteroposterior colporrhaphy (APC), and another 50 had uterine myoma and underwent laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH).
Results. The follow-up mean interval was 18 months (range 12–36 months). The 50 women undergoing LAVH and TVT surgery had a mean hospitalization of 3.5 days. The subjective success rate was 90.5% and the objective success rate was 86.8%. The other group of 50 women undergoing vaginal total hysterectomy (VTH), APC and TVT surgery had a mean hospitalization of 4.8 days. The subjective success rate was 88.6% and the objective success rate was 84.9%. There were six patients lost to follow-up for several reasons. The rates of complications of bladder perforation, postoperative voiding difficulty and postoperative urinary urgency were 2%, 11% and 10%, respectively; neither pelvic hematoma requiring blood transfusion nor conversion to laparotomy occurred.
Conclusion. The results of this study prove that the TVT procedure, performed under general anesthesia without the need for the intraoperative cough provocation test to treat GSI, and carried out concomitantly with other gynecologic surgeries, is safe and effective.