This paper, in its preliminary version, was read at the 2nd European Congress on Violence in Clinical Psychiatry symposium ‘Violence in public-health and victims’ perspective', Stockholm, Sweden, 28–30 June 2001
Socio-economic differences in intentional injuries: a national study of Swedish male and female adolescents
Article first published online: 18 JUN 2002
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume 106, Issue Supplement s412, pages 26–29, June 2002
How to Cite
Engström, K. and Laflamme, L. (2002), Socio-economic differences in intentional injuries: a national study of Swedish male and female adolescents. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 106: 26–29. doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0447.106.s412.6.x
- Issue published online: 18 JUN 2002
- Article first published online: 18 JUN 2002
- social status;
- suicide attempts;
- social gradient;
- relative risk;
- absolute risk
Objective: To measure socio-economic differences in intentional injuries among Swedish adolescents.
Method: A cross-sectional study, based on linkage of records from national registers, considering injuries incurred by all adolescents domiciled in Sweden in 1990–94. Absolute and relative differences between adolescents from four household socio-economic groups (SEGs) were measured, considering separately males and females, two age categories (10–14 and 15–19 years) and injuries caused by interpersonal violence and self-inflicted injuries.
Results: Absolute differences (in injury incidence) between SEGs were greatest for self-inflicted injuries, among older female adolescents. There were clear social gradients in all instances, but relative differences (relative risks) reached a peak for interpersonal violence among younger adolescents, for both boys and girls.
Conclusion: There is a clear association among Swedish adolescents between type of intentional injury and gender, with absolute differences remarkably wide for self-inflicted injuries. For a given age category, gender-specific social gradients are quite comparable within diagnosis.