Autism and Asperger syndrome: coexistence with other clinical disorders
Article first published online: 24 DEC 2001
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume 102, Issue 5, pages 321–330, November 2000
How to Cite
Gillberg and, C. and Billstedt, E. (2000), Autism and Asperger syndrome: coexistence with other clinical disorders. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 102: 321–330. doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0447.2000.102005321.x
- Issue published online: 24 DEC 2001
- Article first published online: 24 DEC 2001
- Accepted for publication April 17, 2000
- Cited By
- Asperger syndrome;
- childhood autism;comorbidity
Objective: To provide a clinically useful analysis of the extent to which autism and Asperger syndrome coexist with other disorders.
Method: Selective review of the literature detailing data pertaining to symptoms and disorders sometimes encountered in connection with autism or Asperger syndrome.
Results: A large number of medical conditions, psychiatric disorders and behavioural and motor dyscontrol symptoms are associated with autism and Asperger syndrome.
Conclusion: Comorbidity is to be expected in autism spectrum disorders — directly or indirectly. Comorbid conditions may be markers for underlying pathophysiology and suggest a more varied treatment approach. There is a great need for in-depth research into this area, meaning that the exclusion criteria of current diagnostic manuals, i.e. those that rule out a diagnosis of autism in some disorders, and a diagnosis of certain other disorders in autism may have to be revised.