Prevalence of dissociative disorders in psychiatric in-patients: the impact of study characteristics
Article first published online: 24 DEC 2001
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume 102, Issue 6, pages 423–428, December 2000
How to Cite
Friedl, M., Draijer, N. and De Jonge, P. (2000), Prevalence of dissociative disorders in psychiatric in-patients: the impact of study characteristics. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 102: 423–428. doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0447.2000.102006423.x
- Issue published online: 24 DEC 2001
- Article first published online: 24 DEC 2001
- Accepted for publication June 13, 2000
- Cited By
- dissociative disorders;
Objective: Prevalence rates for dissociative disorders among psychiatric in-patients vary widely. The aim of this meta-analysis is to offer an explanation for these differences.
Method: Prevalence studies using a clinical diagnostic interview among psychiatric in-patients were included. Hypotheses concerning the impact of blind versus not blind designs, choice of diagnostic instrument and continental background were tested.
Results: Nine studies met the inclusion criteria. In blind studies the prevalence rate for dissociative disorders was significantly lower (but not for DID). Studies using the SCID-D (compared to the DDIS) and European studies had significantly lower prevalence rates for both dissociative disorders as well as for DID.
Conclusion: The choice of diagnostic instrument and cultural differences in interpretation of symptoms are major explanations for differences in prevalence of dissociative disorders and DID. Comparative, blind research using both DDIS and SCID-D in the assessment of dissociative disorders is advised.