Seasonal distribution of suicide in alcoholism
Article first published online: 11 SEP 2002
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume 106, Issue 4, pages 299–302, October 2002
How to Cite
Brådvik, L. and Berglund, M. (2002), Seasonal distribution of suicide in alcoholism. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 106: 299–302. doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0447.2002.02234.x
- Issue published online: 11 SEP 2002
- Article first published online: 11 SEP 2002
Brådvik L, Berglund M. Seasonal distribution of suicide in alcoholism. Acta Psychiatr Scand 2002: 106: 299–302. © Blackwell Munksgaard 2002.
Objective: To investigate the seasonal distribution of suicide in alcohol dependence and to make a comparison with unnatural death in alcoholism and suicide in other diagnostic groups.
Method: Multiaxial ratings of all patients admitted to the Department of Psychiatry in Lund enabled the selection of patients with alcohol dependence (n=1312) during 1949–1969. When followed up to 1997 a total of 102 (99 men) alcoholic patients had taken their own life. Reference groups were patients with severe depression and autopsy cases with other diagnoses.
Results: The alcoholic patients showed a peak during the second quarter of the year (34%, P < 0.05). Other diagnostic groups of suicide and unnatural death in alcoholism did not show any overrepresentation in the spring.
Conclusion: Male alcoholics showed a spring peak of suicide as opposed to other diagnostic groups.