Lateral thoracic artery embolization in cystic fibrosis

A case report


Correspondence:Sergio Salerno, Istituto di Radiologia “P. Cignolini”, Policlinico Universitario di Palermo, Via del Vespro 137,
IT-90127 Palermo, Italy.
FAX +39 91 655 23 37.


We report the embolization of an aberrant origin of haemoptysis – from the internal branch of the lateral thoracic artery – in a patient affected by cystic fibrosis. The technical implications for embolotheraphy in case of an aberrant origin of a haemorrhage are emphasized. Many different systemic arteries may contribute to the blood supply of the lung and many connections may exist between the systemic, bronchial and pulmonary circulations. The presence of non-bronchial systemic arteries supply should be investigated when inconclusive findings are seen during bronchial artery embolization for haemoptysis.