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Keywords:

  • breast carcinoma;
  • diagnosis;
  • scintimammography;
  • technetium-99m-MIBI;
  • diagnostic accuracy

Abstract

Purpose:  The aim of this study was to determine the clinical value of scintimammography with 99m-Tc-MIBI (Sc) as a complementary method to the triple diagnostic procedure in the diagnosis of breast lesions.

Material and Methods:  Ninety-six consecutive patients with 65 palpable and 54 non-palpable breast lesions were included in a prospective study. All lesions were evaluated by clinical examination, mammography and fine-needle-aspiration cytology (FNAC), called triple diagnostic procedure (TD). Prone planar scintimammography with 99m-Tc-MIBI was performed in all patients. Five groups were defined for diagnosis: 1 = normal; 2 = benign; 3 = probably benign; 4 = highly suspect of malignancy; and 5 = malignant. In the calculations, groups 1–3 were considered benign, and 4–5 malignant. All lesions were excised and examined histologically. The additional value of Sc + TD procedure was studied separately for palpable and non-palpable lesions.

Results:  Histologically, 83 malignant and 36 benign lesions were found in the 119 breast lesions. Sensitivity for malignancy in palpable lesions of TD alone and of the combination TD + Sc were 95.6% and 100%, respectively. Sensitivity for malignancy in non-palpable lesions of TD and TD + Sc was 89.1% and 97.2%, respectively.

Conclusion:  Adding scintimammography to the triple diagnostic procedure increased the sensitivity for the detection of both palpable and non-palpable breast cancers, but decreased the specificity.