• Proliferation marker;
  • dog;
  • tumours;
  • PCNA;
  • Ki-67;
  • BrdU

In order to evaluate the suitability of Ki-67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) for determination of proliferative activity, the immunohistochemically determined nuclear expression of these antigens in canine non-neoplastic and neoplastic tissues was compared with the results of in vivo bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) labelling, which – by measurement of the fraction of S-phase cells – is considered as the standard in the analysis of proliferative activity. The samples investigated consisted of non-neoplastic mammary and lymphoid tissues, and of benign and malignant (primary/metastatic) mammary tumours, and malignant lymphomas. Great regional heterogeneity prevented determination of an overall labelling index (LI) in normal lymphoid tissues. In the remaining combined group of samples, LI values were significantly ranked in the order PCNA>Ki-67>BrdU. However, the correlation of Ki-67 or PCNA as compared to BrdU LI values was only moderate in the combined group [approximately 0.5, Spearman rank test] as well as in most subgroups, whilst it was very poor in the group of primary mammary cancers. These observations indicate that Ki-67 or PCNA LIs as markers of proliferation do not evenly match in vivo BrdU labelling.