Reduction in gingival overgrowth associated with conversion from cyclosporin A to tacrolimus

Authors


Abstract

Abstract

Background: Unsightly gingival overgrowth affects many individuals immunosuppressed with cyclosporin A (CsA). Current management involves repeated periodontal surgery and intensive hygienist support. Tacrolimus is an effective alternative immunosuppressive agent for renal transplantation which does not appear to produce gingival enlargement.

Aims:

The purpose of the present study was to monitor the gingival response of 4 renal transplant patients (RTPs), with clinically significant CsA-induced gingival overgrowth, after their immunosuppressive therapy was switched to tacrolimus.

Methods: Intra-oral photographs and alginate impressions were taken both prior to the drug conversion and again, 6 to 9 months later. Gingival overgrowth scores were determined, from plaster models on both these occasions.

Results: All of the RTPs experienced significant resolution of their gingival enlargement within the time period studied; however, only one had complete regression.

Conclusion: It is concluded that conversion of RTPs with gingival overgrowth from CsA to tacrolimus may provide an effective management strategy for this clinical problem.

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