• Chinese infants;
  • facial anthropometry

Structured Abstract

Authors – Fok TF, Hon KL, So HK, Wong E, Ng PC, Lee AKY, Chang A

Objectives – To provide a database of the craniofacial measurements of Chinese infants born in Hong Kong.

Design – Prospective cross-sectional study.

Setting and Sample Population – A total of 2371 healthy singleton, born consecutively at the Prince of Wales Hospital and the Union Hospital from June 1998 to June 2000, were included in the study. The range of gestation was 33–42 weeks.

Measurements and Results – Measurements included facial width (FW), facial height (FH), nasal length (NL), nasal width (NW), and length of the philtrum (PhilL). The facial, nasal, nasofacial and nasozygomatic indices were derived. The data show generally higher values for males in the parameters measured. The various indices remained remarkably constant and did not vary significantly between the two genders or with gestation. When compared with previously published data for white people term babies, Chinese babies have similar NW but shorter philtrum length.

Conclusion – The human face appears to grow in a remarkably constant fashion as defined by the various indices of facial proportions. This study establishes the first set of gestational age-specific standard of such craniofacial parameters for Chinese new-borns, potentially enabling early syndromal diagnosis. There are significant inter-racial differences in these craniofacial parameters.