The histological distinction between dermatofibroma (DF) and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) may be extremely difficult. CD34 and Factor XIIIa have been used to differentiate DF from DFSP. However, there is an overlap and relative lack of specificity of their expressions. CD44 is a widely distributed integral membrane glycoprotein, which is expressed as a multitude of isoforms generated by alternative splicing of at least 10 different variant exons and post-translational modifications. CD44 is currently thought to be the principal cell surface receptor for hyaluronate (HA), the major component of the extracellular matrix. In this study we aimed to assess the expression of standard CD44 (CD44s) and its isoforms (CD44v3, CD44v4, CD44v5, CD44v6, CD44v7, CD44v7v8, and CD44v10), and HA in DF and DFSP. Immunohistochemical staining was performed on the biopsy specimens of 15 cases of DF and four cases of DFSP, using antibodies that recognize the CD44s, different CD44 isoforms and the hyaluronate binding protein (HABP). Tumor cells displayed a strong CD44s immunoreactivity in all cases of DF whereas a faint HA positivity was observed in the tumor stroma. The DF cells were negative for CD44v3, CD44v4, CD44v6, CD44v7 and CD44v7v8 but showed a strong reactivity for CD44v5 and CD44v10. In contrast, CD44s' expression was significantly reduced or absent in all DFSP lesions and the tumor stroma displayed strong staining for HA. Our results indicate that CD44 and HA can be used as additional diagnostic markers to distinguish DF from DFSP.