• elastase;
  • hypoxia-reoxygenation;
  • polymorphonuclear leukocytes;
  • sinusoidal endothelial cells

Abstract:Aims: Interactions between polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) and sinusoidal endothelial cells (SEC) may contribute to ischemia-reperfusion injury. The aim of the study was to determine the influence of PMN hypoxia-reoxygenation and degranulation, on SEC toxic response. Methods: PMNs collected from rat pleural cavity underwent hypoxia- reoxygenation or N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP) degranulation treatment, and were then separated from their conditioned medium. Rat SECs were incubated either with PMNs in coculture or with their conditioned medium, for 210 min. Oxidative metabolism in PMNs was measured by chemiluminescence. LDH release and elastase activity were measured in SEC supernatants. Results: PMN-conditioned medium induced an increase in LDH release in SECs. Hypoxia-reoxygenation of PMNs induced an increase in their chemiluminescent response without increasing the cytotoxic effect of their conditioned medium. By contrast, the cytotoxic effect of conditioned medium was increased following PMN treatment with fMLP. In the latter case, cytotoxicity was combined with a rise in the elastase activity released in the supernatants, but was not reduced by inhibitors of elastase or of other proteases. Conclusions: The results indicate that toxic products are released, at least in part through degranulation, by PMNs, and induce cytotoxicity in SECs. This mechanism may contribute to SEC injury during hypoxia-reoxygenation.