SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Prota G. Melanins and Melanogenesis. New York: Academic Press; 1992. pp. 1–290
  • 2
    Ito S. Advances in chemical analysis of melanins. In: Nordlund JJ, Boissy RE, Hearing VJ, King RA, Ortonne JP. The Pigmentary System: Physiology and Pathophysiology. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. pp. 439–450
  • 3
    Nicolaus RA, Prota G, Santacrose C, Scherillo G, Sica D. Struttura e biogenesi delle feomelanine. Nota VII. Sulla structurra delle tricosiderine. Gazzetta Chim Ital 1967;99:323350
  • 4
    Swan GA, Waggott A. Studies related to the chemistry of melanins. Part X. Quantitative assessment of different types of units present in DOPA-melanin. J Chem Soc Perkin I 1970;10:14091418
  • 5
    Hearing VJ. The regulation of melanin production. In: Nordlund JJ, Boissy RE, Hearing VJ, King RA, Ortonne JP. The Pigmentary System: Physiology and Pathophysiology. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. pp. 423–438
  • 6
    Kobayashi T, Vieira WD, Potterf B, Sakai C, Imokawa G, Hearing VJ. Modulation of melanogenic protein expression during the switch from eu- to pheomelanogenesis. J Cell Sci 1995;108:23012309
  • 7
    Nicolaus RA. Melanins. Paris: Hermann Press, 1968. pp. 1–310
  • 8
    Fattorusso E, Minale L, De Stefano S, Cimino G, Nicolaus RA. Strurrura e biogenesis delle feomelanine. Nota IX. Feomelanine biosintetiche. Gazzetta Chim Ital 1969;99:969992
  • 9
    Ito S, Jimbow K. Quantitative analysis of eumelanin and pheomelanin in hair and melanomas. J Invest Dermatol 1983;80:268272
  • 10
    Ito S, Fujita K. Microanalysis of eumelanin and pheomelanin in hair and melanoma by chemical degradation and liquid chromatography. Anal Biochem 1985;144:527536
  • 11
    Ito S, Wakamatsu K. An improved modification of permanganate oxidation that gives constant yield of pyrrole-2,3,5-tricarboxylic acid. Pigment Cell Res 1994;7:141144
  • 12
    Ito S. Optimization of conditions for preparing synthetic pheomelanin. Pigment Cell Res 1989;2:5356
  • 13
    Ito S. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis of eu- and pheomelanin in melanogenesis control. J Invest Dermatol 1993;100:166S171S
  • 14
    Ito S, Wakamatsu K, Ozeki H. Chemical analysis of melanins and its application to the study of the regulation of melanogenesis. Pigment Cell Res 2000;Suppl. 8:103109
  • 15
    Wakamatsu K, Ito S, Nagatsu T. Cysteinyldopamine is not incorporated into neuromelanin. Neurosci Lett 1991;170:5760
  • 16
    Carstam R, Brinck C, Hindemith-Augustsson A, Rorsman H, Rosengren E. The neuromelanin of the human substantia nigra. Biochim Biophys Acta 1991;1097:152160
  • 17
    Odh G, Carstam R, Paulson J, Wittbjer A, Rosengren E, Rorsman H. Neuromelanin of the human substantia nigra: a mixed-type melanin. J Neurochem 1994;62:20302036
  • 18
    Piattelli M, Fattoruso E, Magno S, Nicolaus RA. The structure of melanins and melanogenesis. II. Sepiomelanin and synthetic pigments. Tetrahedron 1962;18:941949
  • 19
    Napolitano A, Perzzella A, Vincensi MR, Prota G. Oxidative degradation of melanins to pyrrole acids: model study. Tetrahedron 1995;51:59135920
  • 20
    Ito S, Wakamatsu K, Ozeki H. Spectrophotometric assay of eumelanin in tissue samples. Anal Biochem 1993;215:273277
  • 21
    Ozeki H, Ito S, Wakamatsu K, Hirobe T. Chemical characterization of hair melanins in various coat-color mutants of mice. J Invest Dermatol 1995;105:361366
  • 22
    Ozeki H, Ito S, Wakamatsu K. Chemical characterization of melanins in sheep wool and human hair. Pigment Cell Res 1996;9:5157
  • 23
    Lamoreux ML, Wakamatsu K, Ito S. Interaction of major coat color gene functions in mice as studied by chemical analysis of eumelanin and pheomelanin. Pigment Cell Res 2001;14:2331
  • 24
    Ozeki H, Ito S, Wakamatsu K, Thody AJ. Spectrophotometric characterization of eumelanin and pheomelanin in hair. Pigment Cell Res 1996;9:265270
  • 25
    Ito S. Reexamination of the structure of eumelanin. Biochim Biophys Acta 1986;883:155161
  • 26
    Tsukamoto K, Jackson IJ, Urabe K, Montague P, Hearing VJ. A second tyrosinase related protein, TRP-2, is a melanogenic enzyme termed dopachrome tautomerase. EMBO J 1992;11:519526
  • 27
    Alaluf S, Heath A, Carter N, Atkins D, Mahalingam H, Barrett K, Kolb R, Smit N. Variation in melanin content and composition in type V and VI photoexposed and photoprotected human skin: The dominant role of DHI. Pigment Cell Res 2001;14:337347DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-0749.2001.140505.x
  • 28
    Ozeki H, Wakamatsu K, Ito S, Ishiguro I. Chemical characterization of eumelanins with special emphasis on 5,6-dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylic acid content and molecular size. Anal Biochem 1997;248:149157DOI: 10.1006/abio.1997.2079
  • 29
    Ozeki H, Ito S, Wakamatsu K, Ishiguro I. Chemical characterization of pheomelanogenesis starting from dihydroxyphenylalanine and cysteine. Effects of tyrosinase and cysteine concentrations and reaction time. Biochim Biophys Acta 1997;1336:539548
  • 30
    Ito S, Prota G. A facile one-step synthesis of cysteinyldopas using mushroom tyrosinase. Experientia 1977;33:11181119
  • 31
    Morishima T, Tatsumi F, Fukada E, Satio M, Fujita M, Nagashima N, Hanawa S. Cysteinyldopa isomers and dopa in lesions and urine of Japanese patients with malignant melanoma. Arch Dermatol Res 1983;275:7679
  • 32
    Valverde P, Healy E, Jackson I, Rees JL, Thody AJ. Variants of the melanocyte-stimulating hormone receptor gene are associated with red hair and fair skin. Nature Genet 1995;11:328330
  • 33
    Palmer JS, Duffy DL, Box NF, Aitken JF, O'Gorman LE, Green AC, Hayward NK, Martin NG, Sturm RA. Melanocortin-1 receptor polymorphisms and risk of melanoma: is the association explained solely by pigmentation phenotype? Am J Hum Genet 2000;66:176186
  • 34
    Rees JL. The melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R): more than just red hair. Pigment Cell Res 2000;13:135140
  • 35
    Patel RP, McAndrew J, Sellak H, White CR, Jo H, Freeman BA, Darley-Usmar VM. Biological aspects of reactive nitrogen species. Biochim Biophys Acta 1999;1411:385400
  • 36
    Radi R, Peluffo G, Alvares MN, Naviliat M, Cayota A. Unraveling peroxynitrate formation in biological systems. Free Rad Biol Med 2001;30:463488
  • 37
    Horikoshi T, Hanahara M, Kaminaga H, Sasaki M, Uchiwa H. Involvement of nitric oxide in UVB-induced pigmentation in guinea pig skin. Pigment Cell Res 2000;13:358366DOI: 10.1034/j.1600-0749.2000.130509.x
  • 38
    Kolb AM, Lentjes EGWM, Smit NPM, Schothorst A, Vermeer BJ, Pavel S. Determination of pheomelanin by measurement of aminohydroxyphenylalanine isomers by high-performance liquid chromatography. Anal Biochem 1997;252:293298
  • 39
    Borges CR, Roberts JC, Wilkins DG, Rollins DE. Relationship of melanin degradation products to actual melanin content: application to human hair. Anal Biochem 2001;290:116125
  • 40
    Wakamatsu K, Ito S, Rees JL. The usefulness of 4-amino-3-hydroxyphenylalanine as a specific marker of pheomelanin. Pigment Cell Res 2002;15:225232
  • 41
    Takasaki A, Nezirevi D, Johansson M, Wakamatsu K, Ito S, Kågedal B. Analysis of pheomelanin degradation products in biological samples. Pigment Cell Res 2001;14:408409
  • 42
    Wenczl E, Van der Schans GP, Roz L, Kolb RM, Timmerman AJ, Smit NPM, Pavel S, Schothorst AA. (Pheo)melanin photosensitizes UVA-induced DNA damage in cultured human melanocytes. J Invest Dermatol 1998;111:678682DOI: 10.1046/j.1523-1747.1998.00357.x
  • 43
    Balabanli B, Kamisaki Y, Martin E, Murad F. Requirements for heme and thiols for the nonenzymatic modification of nitrotyrosine. Proc Nat Acad Sci 1999;96:1313613141
  • 44
    Ekmekcioglu S, Ellerhorst J, Smid CM, Prieto VG, Munsell M, Buzaid AC, Grimm EA. Inducible nitric oxide synthase and nitrotyrosine in human metastatic melanoma tumors correlate with poor survival. Clin Cancer Res 2000;6:47684775
  • 45
    Jimbow K, Ishida O, Ito S, Hori Y, Witkop CJ Jr, King RA. Combined chemical and electron microscopic studies of pheomelanosomes in human red hair. J Invest Dermatol 1983;81:506511
  • 46
    Napolitano A, Vincensi MR, Dinato PD, Monfrecola G, Prota G. Microanalysis of melanins in mammalian hair by alkaline hydrogen peroxide degradation: identification of a new structural marker of pheomelanins. J Invest Dermatol 2000;114:11411147DOI: 10.1046/j.1523-1747.2000.00977.x
  • 47
    Youdim MBH, Ben-Shachar D, Riederer P. The enigma of neuromelanin in Parkinson's substantia nigra. J Neural Transm 1994;43:113122
  • 48
    Napolitano A, Perzzella A, Vincensi MR, Prota G. Oxidative degradation of eumelanins to pyrrole acids: a model study. Tetrahedron 1995;51:59135920
  • 49
    Ito S, Wakamatsu K. Chemical degradation of melanins: application to identification of dopamine-melanin. Pigment Cell Res 1998;11:120126
  • 50
    Koch PB. Wings of the butterfly Precis coenia synthesize dopamine melanin by selective enzyme activity of dopa decarboxylase. Naturwissenschaften 1994;81:3638
  • 51
    Koch PB, Kaufmann N. Pattern specific melanin synthesis and DOPA decarboxylase activity in a butterfly wing of Precis coenia Hübner. Insect Biochem Molec Biol 1995;25:7382
  • 52
    Wakamatsu K, Ito S, Koch PB. Chemical characterization of dopamine-melanin: application to identification of butterfly wing. Pigment Cell Res 1998;11:259259
  • 53
    Williamson PR, Wakamatsu K, Ito S. Melanin biosynthesis in Cryptococcus neoformans. J Bacteriol 1998;180:15701572
  • 54
    Prota G, Lamoreux ML, Muller J, Kobayashi T, Napolitano A, Vincensi MR, Sakai C, Hearing VJ. Comparative analysis of melanins and melanogenesis produced by various coat color mutants. Pigment Cell Res 1995;8:153163
  • 55
    Liu L, Wakamatsu K, Ito S, Williamson PR. Catecholamine oxidative products, but not melanin, are produced by Cryptococcus neoformans during neuropathogenesis in mice. Infect Immun 1999;67:108112
  • 56
    Smit N, Van Nieuwpoort F, Out C, Kolb R, Pavel S. Measurement of eumelanin by detection of PDCA and PTCA after alkaline hydrogen peroxide degradation. Pigment Cell Res 2001;14:409409