Effects of montelukast on physical performance and exercise economy in adult asthmatics with exercise-induced bronchoconstriction
Article first published online: 29 AUG 2002
Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Volume 12, Issue 4, pages 211–217, August 2002
How to Cite
Steinshamn, S., Sandsund, M., Sue-Chu, M. and Bjermer, L. (2002), Effects of montelukast on physical performance and exercise economy in adult asthmatics with exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 12: 211–217. doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0838.2002.00225.x
- Issue published online: 29 AUG 2002
- Article first published online: 29 AUG 2002
- Accepted for publication 25 January 2002
- exercise economy;
- exercise-induced bronchoconstriction;
Leukotriene antagonists are effective in the treatment of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. Montelukast is a specific cysteinyl-leukotriene receptor1 antagonist without known effects on the pulmonary vessels, which in theory should be advantageous with respect to gas exchange.
In addition to lung function, we investigated the effects of montelukast on parameters of gas exchange and physical performance in 16 asthmatics with exercise-induced bronchoconstriction in a double-blind cross-over placebo-controlled study. Subjects were tested at an ambient temperature of −15°C with a tread mill exercise protocol consisting of consecutive workloads of 80% V'O2max (6 min), rest (4 min), 60% V'O2max (6 min) and step increments of exercise until exhaustion.
Montelukast reduced the maximum post-exercise fall in FEV1 (P < 0.01), improved the running time to exhaustion in 11 of 16 test subjects (one unchanged) (P = 0.03), and reduced the Borg score at exhaustion (P = 0.03) and the breathing frequency after 3 min at 60% V'O2max (P = 0.03). V'O2, V'CO2, minute ventilation, ventilatory equivalents, respiratory exchange ratio, heart rate and oxygen pulse were not significantly different after montelukast and placebo.
We conclude that montelukast has a beneficial effect on physical performance in most adults with exercise-induced asthma without any observed effect on gas-exchange parameters.