The Tour de France: a physiological review
Article first published online: 26 SEP 2003
Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Volume 13, Issue 5, pages 275–283, October 2003
How to Cite
Lucia, A., Earnest, C. and Arribas, C. (2003), The Tour de France: a physiological review. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 13: 275–283. doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0838.2003.00345.x
- Issue published online: 26 SEP 2003
- Article first published online: 26 SEP 2003
- Accepted for publication 12 June 2003
- professional cycling;
- endurance exercise.
On 5 July 2003, the Tour de France (TDF) has celebrated 100th running. Instead of a chimney sweep competing during his free time (as in 1903), the recent winner is a highly trained, professional cyclist whose entire life-style has been dedicated to reach his pinnacle during this event. The TDF has been held successfully for 100 years, but the application of the physiologic sciences to the sport is a relatively recent phenomenon. Although some historical reports help to understand the unique physiological characteristics of this race, scientific studies were not available in Sports Science/Applied Physiology journals until the 1990s. The aim of this article is to review the history of the TDF. Special emphasis is placed on the last decade where classic physiology has been integrated into applied scientific cycling data.