Interleukin-2 Production in Whole Blood Cell Cultures of Women Undergoing Controlled Ovarian Hyperstimulation for Assisted Reproduction Technology Cycles
Article first published online: 11 AUG 2003
American Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Volume 50, Issue 3, pages 220–223, September 2003
How to Cite
Orvieto, R., Leites, T., Abir, R., Bar, J., Yoeli, R., Feldberg, D. and Fisch, B. (2003), Interleukin-2 Production in Whole Blood Cell Cultures of Women Undergoing Controlled Ovarian Hyperstimulation for Assisted Reproduction Technology Cycles. American Journal of Reproductive Immunology, 50: 220–223. doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0897.2003.00061.x
- Issue published online: 11 AUG 2003
- Article first published online: 11 AUG 2003
- Submitted November 6, 2002; revised December 17, 2002; accepted December 17, 2002.
- immune response;
- ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome;
- ovulation induction;
- sex steroids
Problem: To determine whether human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) modulates the in vitro release of interleukin (IL-2) from human peripheral lymphocytes and monocytes derived from patients undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH).
Method of Study: A large university-based IVF unit was used for the study. Blood was drawn thrice from 12 women undergoing our routine IVF long gonadotropin-releasing-hormone-analog protocol during the COH cycle: (1) day on which adequate suppression was obtained (Day-S); (2) day of or prior to hCG administration (Day-hCG); and (3) day of ovum pick-up (Day-OPU). At each point of time, blood was tested for sex-steroid levels and then cultured for 72 hr either without (control-culture) or with hCG (hCG-culture) or with mitogenic stimulation by phytohemagglutinin (PHA-culture). The culture-medium supernatants were tested for IL-2 levels with a commercial sandwich enzyme-linked immunoassay.
Results: Whole blood culture IL-2 levels increased significantly during COH until peak E2, and then decreased significantly after hCG administration. IL-2 levels were decreased in the control- and PHA-culture media on Day-OPU compared with Day-hCG. There were no significant correlations between IL-2 levels in the culture media and serum estradiol, progesterone or human chorionic gonadotropin levels.
Conclusion: Apparently, hCG attenuates IL-2 production by mononuclear cells with and without mitogenic stimulation, irrespective of the estradiol level. This suggests that hCG may indirectly modulate the inflammatory response, resulting in the ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.