This work was funded by Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp., Clinical Pharmacology, East Hanover, NJ.
Pharmacodynamics of Single Doses of the Novel Immunosuppressant FTY720 in Stable Renal Transplant Patients
Article first published online: 18 JUN 2003
American Journal of Transplantation
Volume 3, Issue 7, pages 846–854, July 2003
How to Cite
Budde, K., L. Schmouder, R., Nashan, B., Brunkhorst, R., W. Lücker, P., Mayer, T., Brookman, L., Nedelman, J., Skerjanec, A., Böhler, T. and Neumayer, H.-H. (2003), Pharmacodynamics of Single Doses of the Novel Immunosuppressant FTY720 in Stable Renal Transplant Patients. American Journal of Transplantation, 3: 846–854. doi: 10.1034/j.1600-6143.2003.00130.x
- Issue published online: 18 JUN 2003
- Article first published online: 18 JUN 2003
- Received 24 October 2002,revised 12 January 2003 andaccepted for publication 12 February 2003
- lymphocyte subsets;
- renal transplantation
FTY720, a new and potent immunosuppressant, causes in animal models a rapid, reversible reduction of all subsets of peripheral blood lymphocytes, inducing their migration to secondary lymphoid organs. In this human phase I trial, the pharmacodynamics of single oral doses of FTY720 were evaluated. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, time-lagged study of six different single ascending oral doses of FTY720 ranging from 0.25 to 3.5 mg was conducted in stable renal transplant patients receiving a cyclosporine-based regimen. Absolute and subset lymphocyte counts, as well as absolute differential leukocyte counts, were determined by differential blood counts and flow cytometry at screening and multiple intervals thereafter. A pharmacodynamic model was established. Twenty-four single doses of FTY720 that were administered caused a transient, reversible pan-lymphopenia within 4 h. Lymphocyte subgroup analysis revealed that almost all subsets declined, with CD4- and CD45RA-positive cells being affected the most. Natural killer cells, granulocytes and monocytes were not influenced by FTY720. The lymphocyte count returned to baseline within 72 h in all dosing cohorts except the highest. Pharmacokinetik/pharmacodynamic modelling revealed a nonlinear dose effect and resulted in a good fit with observed values. These data show that FTY720 is highly effective in humans, with single oral doses of FTY720 ranging from 0.25 to 3.5 mg causing a reversible selective panlymphopenia.