• dental trauma splint;
  • splinting method;
  • experimental study;
  • tooth mobility;
  • Periotest

Abstract – Splinting is the standard of care for stabilization of replanted or repositioned permanent teeth following trauma. The present experimental study compared four dental trauma splints in 10 volunteers. The evaluated splints included a wire-composite splint (WCS), a button-bracket splint (BS), a resin splint (RS), and a new device (TTS=Titanium Trauma Splint) specifically developed for splinting traumatized teeth. All splints were bonded to the labial surfaces of the maxillary lateral and central incisors. Splints were left in place for 1 week. After splint removal, the next splint was placed after a 1-week rest period. The sequence of splint application was randomized for each individual. The following parameters were assessed: tooth mobility with horizontal and vertical Periotest values (PTV) before and after splint application and splint removal, respectively; probing depths, plaque and bleeding on probing indices before splint application and removal, and chair time needed for splint application and removal. After splint application, horizontal PTV were significantly lower in central incisors for BS compared to TTS (P=0.04), and for RS compared to TTS (P=0.005) and to WCS (P=0.006). Reduction of lateral tooth mobility (=splint effect) expressed by the difference between horizontal pre- and postoperative PTV was significantly greater in RS compared to TTS and WCS (P<0.05) for central as well as for lateral incisors. However, changes of vertical tooth mobility were not significant across the splinting techniques. Periodontal parameters remained unchanged, reflecting the excellent oral hygiene by the study subjects. The chair time needed for splint application was significantly shorter for TTS (P<0.01). In conclusion, all tested splints appeared to maintain physiologic vertical and horizontal tooth mobility. However, the latter was critically reduced in RS splints.