A preliminary version of this paper was presented at the May 1999 interRAI meeting in Oslo, Norway.
The MDS-CHESS Scale: A New Measure to Predict Mortality in Institutionalized Older People
Article first published online: 14 JAN 2003
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume 51, Issue 1, pages 96–100, January 2003
How to Cite
Hirdes, J. P., Frijters, D. H. and Teare, G. F. (2003), The MDS-CHESS Scale: A New Measure to Predict Mortality in Institutionalized Older People. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 51: 96–100. doi: 10.1034/j.1601-5215.2002.51017.x
- Issue published online: 14 JAN 2003
- Article first published online: 14 JAN 2003
- Minimum Data Set;
OBJECTIVES: To develop a scale predicting mortality and other adverse outcomes associated with frailty.
DESIGN: Observational study based on Minimum Data Set (MDS) 2.0 and mortality data.
SETTING: Ontario chronic hospitals.
PARTICIPANTS: All chronic hospital patients (N = 28,495) assessed with the MDS 2.0 after mandatory implementation in July 1996 followed until May 1999.
MEASUREMENTS: MDS 2.0 assessments done as part of normal practice mainly by registered nurses or multidisciplinary teams in a chronic hospital. Mortality data are available from the accompanying discharge tracking form.
RESULTS: The MDS-Changes in Health, End-stage disease and Symptoms and Signs (CHESS) score is a composite measure addressing changes in health, end-stage disease, and symptoms and signs of medical problems. It is a strong predictor of mortality (P < .0001) independent of the effects of age, sex, activities of daily living impairment, cognition, and do-not-resuscitate orders. It is also strongly associated with physician activity, complex medical procedures, and pain (P < .001 for each dependent variable).
CONCLUSIONS: The CHESS score provides a useful new MDS-based test to predict mortality and to measure instability in health as a clinical outcome.