Gender, Perceived Parental Monitoring, and Behavioral Adjustment: Influences on Adolescent Alcohol Use

Authors

  • John A. Webb PhD,

    1. Baylor College of Medicine
    Search for more papers by this author
    • 3

      Department of Social Sciences, University of Houston—Downtown, One Main Street, Suite 1005-S, Houston, Texas 77002-1001. E-mail: webbj@dt.uh.edu.

    • 2

      John A. Webb, PhD, James H. Bray, PhD, J. Greg Getz, PhD, and Gerald Adams, EdD, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine.

  • James H. Bray PhD,

    1. Baylor College of Medicine
    Search for more papers by this author
    • 4

      Department of Family and Community Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, 5510 Greenbriar, Houston, Texas 77005.

    • 2

      John A. Webb, PhD, James H. Bray, PhD, J. Greg Getz, PhD, and Gerald Adams, EdD, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine.

  • J. Greg Getz PhD,

    1. Baylor College of Medicine
    Search for more papers by this author
    • 2

      John A. Webb, PhD, James H. Bray, PhD, J. Greg Getz, PhD, and Gerald Adams, EdD, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine.

  • Gerald Adams EdD

    1. Baylor College of Medicine
    Search for more papers by this author
    • 2

      John A. Webb, PhD, James H. Bray, PhD, J. Greg Getz, PhD, and Gerald Adams, EdD, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine.


  • This research was supported by Grant R01 AA08864 from the National Institute of Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse. We express our appreciation to Paul E. Baer, PhD (deceased), who was the principal investigator on the first portion of this grant.

Abstract

This study examined relationships among gender, perceived parental monitoring, externalizing behaviors, and adolescent alcohol use in a 2-wave longitudinal study. Females reported more perceived parental monitoring and less alcohol use than males. Perceived maternal and paternal monitoring were related to less alcohol use over time. Increases in alcohol use were associated with increases in externalizing behaviors over time. Perceived maternal monitoring mediated the relationship between gender and youth drinking and was also a significant predictor of changes in adolescent drinking over time. Perceived paternal monitoring was not a predictor of adolescent drinking in the context of perceived maternal monitoring and externalizing behaviors. The importance of gender in implementation of prevention programs is discussed.

Ancillary