This study examined the utility of the conduct disorder (CD) diagnosis in predicting antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) among incarcerated women. It was surprising that most female inmates did not meet standard criteria for ASPD. This was due to a low occurrence of CD symptoms reported before age 15. Cluster analysis of CD symptoms revealed 4 types that characterized women with criminal histories. One type, which was characterized by a history of CD with interpersonal and physical aggression, was more predictive of ASPD than the traditional CD diagnosis. Yet another type, characterized by destruction of property, also represented an improvement over the traditional CD diagnosis. Overall, the results suggest that the types of CD behaviors, rather than their number, may be a more important indicator for identifying women at risk for future antisocial personality pathology.