RISK FACTORS FOR DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS IN LATE ADOLESCENCE: A Longitudinal Community Study

Authors

  • Abbie K. Frost Ph.D.,

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      Submitted to the Journal in November 1998. Research was supported by grant MH41569 from the National Institute of Mental Health. Authors are at: Young Adulthood Research Project, Simmons College Graduate School of Social Work, Boston (Frost, Reinherz, Giaconia); University of California, San Diego (Pakiz-Camras); and Pennsylvania State University, State College, Pa. (Lefkowitz)

  • Helen Z. Reinherz Sc.D.,

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      Submitted to the Journal in November 1998. Research was supported by grant MH41569 from the National Institute of Mental Health. Authors are at: Young Adulthood Research Project, Simmons College Graduate School of Social Work, Boston (Frost, Reinherz, Giaconia); University of California, San Diego (Pakiz-Camras); and Pennsylvania State University, State College, Pa. (Lefkowitz)

  • Bilge Pakiz-Camras Ed.D.,

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      Submitted to the Journal in November 1998. Research was supported by grant MH41569 from the National Institute of Mental Health. Authors are at: Young Adulthood Research Project, Simmons College Graduate School of Social Work, Boston (Frost, Reinherz, Giaconia); University of California, San Diego (Pakiz-Camras); and Pennsylvania State University, State College, Pa. (Lefkowitz)

  • Rose M. Giaconia Ph.D.,

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      Submitted to the Journal in November 1998. Research was supported by grant MH41569 from the National Institute of Mental Health. Authors are at: Young Adulthood Research Project, Simmons College Graduate School of Social Work, Boston (Frost, Reinherz, Giaconia); University of California, San Diego (Pakiz-Camras); and Pennsylvania State University, State College, Pa. (Lefkowitz)

  • Eva S. Lefkowitz Ph.D.

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      Submitted to the Journal in November 1998. Research was supported by grant MH41569 from the National Institute of Mental Health. Authors are at: Young Adulthood Research Project, Simmons College Graduate School of Social Work, Boston (Frost, Reinherz, Giaconia); University of California, San Diego (Pakiz-Camras); and Pennsylvania State University, State College, Pa. (Lefkowitz)


School of Social Work, Simmons College, 51 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, MA 02116–2307 [e-mail: afrost@simmons.edu]

Abstract

In a longitudinal study, following a community sample (N=386) from age 5, early risk factors for depressive symptomatology at age 18 were examined separately for females and males. For females, predictors included low birthweight and death of a parent; for males, they included emotional dependency and internalizing behavior problems. Depressive symptomatology at age 15 emerged as an important risk factor for both genders. Clinical implications are discussed, and areas for further research are proposed.

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