Standard Article


  1. Paul M Salvaterra

Published Online: 19 APR 2001

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0000001



How to Cite

Salvaterra, P. M. 2001. Acetylcholine. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Beckman Research Institute, Duarte, California, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 APR 2001


Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter found in the nervous systems of all animals. It is involved in the control of functions as diverse as locomotion, digestion, cardiac rate, ‘fight and flight’ responses, secretion, learning and memory. Cholinergic dysfunction is associated with neuromuscular diseases such as myasthenia gravis and neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer disease.


  • neurotransmitter;
  • choline acetyltransferase;
  • vesicular acetylcholine transporter;
  • acetylcholinesterase;
  • acetylcholine receptor