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Dissimilatory Metal Transformations by Microorganisms

  1. Jonathan R Lloyd

Published Online: 27 JAN 2006

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0000474



How to Cite

Lloyd, J. R. 2006. Dissimilatory Metal Transformations by Microorganisms. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. University of Manchester, Manchester, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 JAN 2006


There has been a dramatic increase in the understanding of the biological mechanisms underpinning metal transformations in the environment. The techniques used to gain a better understanding of these microbial processes will be discussed, along with an overview of assimilatory, dissimilatory and detoxification transformations of a range of metals and radionuclides.


  • dissimilatory metal reduction;
  • bioremediation;
  • anaerobes;
  • cytochromes;
  • electron transfer