Standard Article

Ribosome Structure and Shape

  1. Joachim Frank1,
  2. Rajendra K Agrawal2,
  3. Adriana Verschoor2

Published Online: 12 DEC 2001

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0000534



How to Cite

Frank, J., Agrawal, R. K. and Verschoor, A. 2001. Ribosome Structure and Shape. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Wadsworth Center and State University of New York, Albany, NY, USA

  2. 2

    Wadsworth Center, Albany, NY, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 12 DEC 2001


The ribosome is a macromolecular machine, composed of RNAs and proteins, that synthesizes proteins by stringing together amino acids according to genetic instructions.


  • protein synthesis;
  • transfer RNA;
  • messenger RNA;
  • amino acids;
  • elongation factors;
  • cryoelectron microscopy;
  • three-dimensional reconstruction