Standard Article

Myosin Superfamily

  1. J Kendrick-Jones1,
  2. TP Hodge1,
  3. IMB Lister1,
  4. RC Roberts1,
  5. F Buss2

Published Online: 25 APR 2001

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0000673

eLS

eLS

How to Cite

Kendrick-Jones, J., Hodge, T., Lister, I., Roberts, R. and Buss, F. 2001. Myosin Superfamily. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK

  2. 2

    Cambridge Institute for Medical Research, Cambridge, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 APR 2001

Abstract

Myosins are a large family of actin-based mechanoenzymes that bind and hydrolyse ATP to generate the force and movement along actin filaments necessary to drive a wide variety of cellular functions. Phylogenetic analysis has so far identified 17 distinct classes of myosin (designated I–XVII).

Keywords:

  • myosin I;
  • myosin II;
  • myosin V;
  • myosins VI, VII, XV;
  • plant myosins VIII, XI, XIII