Standard Article

Carbohydrates

  1. Robert J Sturgeon

Published Online: 29 JAN 2003

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0000690

eLS

eLS

How to Cite

Sturgeon, R. J. 2003. Carbohydrates. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 JAN 2003

Abstract

The carbohydrates comprise one of the major groups of naturally occurring organic molecules and are amongst the most abundant constituents of plants, animals and microorganisms. In general, carbohydrates are polyhydroxy-aldehydes or -ketones. They may contain, in addition, amino, acetamido and carboxyl functional groups.

Keywords:

  • monosaccharides;
  • oligosaccharides;
  • polysaccharides;
  • glycosides;
  • glycoconjugates;
  • carbohydrate recognition