Standard Article

Patenting Genes and their Products

  1. Nick Buffinger1,
  2. Desmond M Mascarenhas2

Published Online: 28 MAY 2003

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0000986



How to Cite

Buffinger, N. and Mascarenhas, D. M. 2003. Patenting Genes and their Products. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Morrison & Foerster, L.L.P., Palo Alto, California, USA

  2. 2

    Protigen Inc., Mountain View, California, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 MAY 2003


The process of patenting allows companies and individuals to protect their investments. In the biotechnology industry however the act of patenting raises many ethical and technological issues.


  • patent;
  • invention;
  • process claims;
  • composition of matter;
  • utility;
  • biotechnology;
  • tool patents;
  • circumvention