Histones: from Gene Organization to Biological Roles
Published Online: 23 SEP 2005
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
How to Cite
Doenecke, D. 2005. Histones: from Gene Organization to Biological Roles. eLS.
- Published Online: 23 SEP 2005
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Histones are a group of highly conserved small basic proteins that form the major part of the protein moiety of eukaryotic chromosomes. Their function in structuring the nucleosomes as the basal chromosomal deoxynucleoprotein repeat units is modulated by several different types of posttranslational modifications and varied patterns of histone structure variants contributing to the nucleosome structure.
- core histones;
- linker histones;
- posttranslational modification of histones;
- acetylation of histones;
- methylation of histones