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Chlorophyll: Structure and Function

  1. Bernhard Grimm

Published Online: 19 APR 2001

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0001310



How to Cite

Grimm, B. 2001. Chlorophyll: Structure and Function. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, Gatersleben, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 APR 2001


Chlorophyll is the dominant pigment on Earth and serves as the light-trapping and energy transferring chromophore in photosynthetic organisms. In recent years research has contributed enormously to a better understanding of the metabolic pathway of chlorophyll synthesis and its biochemical, biophysical and structural properties in close association with the pigment binding proteins of the reaction centre and the antenna complexes of the photosynthetic units.


  • tetrapyrrole;
  • chloroplast;
  • photosynthesis;
  • haem light harvesting;
  • metabolism;
  • gene expression;
  • photodynamic damage