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Y-chromosome-linked Traits

  1. Jennifer A Marshall Graves

Published Online: 19 APR 2001

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0001459

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How to Cite

Graves, J. A. M. 2001. Y-chromosome-linked Traits. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 APR 2001

Abstract

Male mammals have a single X and a Y chromosome. The Y chromosome is small, containing a lot of repeated sequences and few active genes, but carries a sex-determining factor, which determines maleness, as well as other male-specific functions such as steps in spermatogenesis. Molecular work suggests that the Y is best understood in terms of its evolutionary history.

Keywords:

  • sex chromosomes;
  • pseudoautosome regions;
  • sex determination;
  • spermatogenesis;
  • testis determining factor;
  • HY antigen;
  • Y chromosome evolution