Standard Article

Ice Ages

  1. Owen Davis

Published Online: 19 APR 2001

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0001635



How to Cite

Davis, O. 2001. Ice Ages. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 APR 2001


Ice ages are periods of the Earth's history characterized by glacier advance and cold climate. The response of the Earth's systems to ice ages includes extinctions and migrations of the biosphere, expansion and contraction of oceans and lakes, and the waxing and waning of glaciers.


  • biogeography;
  • climate;
  • glacier;
  • glaciation;
  • interglacial;
  • pleistocene;
  • milankovitch;
  • palaeontology