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Biotic Response to Climatic Change

  1. Patrick John Brenchley

Published Online: 22 JAN 2002

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0001651



How to Cite

Brenchley, P. J. 2002. Biotic Response to Climatic Change. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 22 JAN 2002


The present distribution of organisms is broadly related to climate. Past changes in climate, on both long- and short-term time scales, have commonly resulted in shifts in biotic distribution, but in extreme cases they have caused major episodes of extinction.


  • climate;
  • distribution;
  • extinction;
  • biodiversity;
  • migration