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Molecular Evolution: Techniques

  1. Barbara K Mable

Published Online: 19 APR 2001

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0001796



How to Cite

Mable, B. K. 2001. Molecular Evolution: Techniques. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 APR 2001


Progress in the field of molecular evolution has been intricately tied to advances in the techniques used to characterize the molecular basis of genetic change. Although DNA sequencing currently provides the most information on evolutionary processes at the molecular level, techniques such as immunological distances, protein sequencing, protein electrophoresis, DNA hybridization, and restriction fragment analyses contributed to the development of more advanced techniques and continue to have important usages.


  • DNA hybridization;
  • sequencing;
  • immunological distances;
  • restriction enzymes;
  • molecular evolution