Standard Article

Endocrine System in Vertebrates

  1. Ian W Henderson

Published Online: 19 APR 2001

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0001845



How to Cite

Henderson, I. W. 2001. Endocrine System in Vertebrates. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 APR 2001


Hormones of vertebrates are classically described in the context of the principal glands that produce them and there is a generally agreed homology of the endocrine structures throughout the vertebrates. Contemporary views of hormones as key regulators take account of their sometimes ubiquitous sources, their modes of delivery, and their cellular and molecular mechanisms of action.


  • endocrinology;
  • hormones;
  • biosynthesis;
  • molecular and cellular mechanisms