Standard Article

Sex Hormones in Vertebrates

  1. PJ Bentley

Published Online: 19 APR 2001

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0001846



How to Cite

Bentley, P. 2001. Sex Hormones in Vertebrates. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. University of Western Australia, Nedlands, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 APR 2001


The dimorphic development of male and female vertebrates, including humans, and the physiological processes involved in their respective contributions to reproduction are coordinated by a variety of hormones. They include specific sex hormones which are predominantly produced by the ovaries and testes. They are also called gonadal steroid hormones, the principal ones being classified as oestrogens, androgens and progestogens (progestins).


  • reproduction;
  • ovary;
  • testis;
  • steroid hormones