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Reproduction in Vertebrates: Overview

  1. Colin A Finn

Published Online: 30 MAY 2001

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0001851



How to Cite

Finn, C. A. 2001. Reproduction in Vertebrates: Overview. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. University of Liverpool, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 MAY 2001


Vertebrates comprise a diverse collection of animal species. In their reproductive processes they show evolutionary progression from simple shedding of the gametes into the water, as seen in cyclostomes, to the birth of living young seen in most mammals.


  • sex;
  • gamete;
  • fertilization;
  • pregnancy;
  • parturition;
  • maternal care