Standard Article

Trace Element Deficiency

  1. Alan Shenkin

Published Online: 19 APR 2001

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0002111



How to Cite

Shenkin, A. 2001. Trace Element Deficiency. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Royal Liverpool University Hospital and University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 APR 2001


Small amounts of certain inorganic elements are essential for health. When the diet provides an insufficient amount of these, a deficiency state may occur with deleterious consequences.


  • zinc;
  • copper;
  • selenium;
  • chromium;
  • molybdenum;
  • manganese