Alcohol and Pregnancy and the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Published Online: 27 JAN 2006
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
How to Cite
Streissguth, A. P. and Bonthius, D. J. 2006. Alcohol and Pregnancy and the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. eLS. .
- Published Online: 27 JAN 2006
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a specific pattern of birth defects caused by prenatal alcohol exposure; the term fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) includes the broad range of offspring effects caused by in utero alcohol exposure. Alcohol is a teratogenic drug to which the developing brain is particularly vulnerable; thus, many alcohol-exposed people, even without FAS, can have alcohol-induced neurodevelopmental sequelae, ranging from mild to severe, depending on the dose, timing and conditions of exposure.
- fetal alcohol syndrome;
- fetal alcohol effects;
- birth defects;
- developmental disabilities;
- pregnancy outcome;