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Thyroid Disease

  1. Penelope J Hunt,
  2. John AH Wass

Published Online: 20 JUN 2001

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0002259



How to Cite

Hunt, P. J. and Wass, J. A. 2001. Thyroid Disease. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 JUN 2001


The thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones which are essential for many metabolic processes. Diseases of the thyroid gland are common and usually result from enlargement of the thyroid gland, called a goitre, or the production of too much or too little thyroid hormone.


  • goitre;
  • hyperthyroidism;
  • hypothyroidism;
  • Graves disease;
  • Hashimoto thyroiditis