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Fluorescent Analogues in Biological Research

  1. Joseph R Lakowicz

Published Online: 25 APR 2001

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0002981



How to Cite

Lakowicz, J. R. 2001. Fluorescent Analogues in Biological Research. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 APR 2001


The information that can be obtained from a fluorescence measurement is influenced strongly by the spectral properties of the fluorophores. A large variety of probes is now available which bind spontaneously to macromolecules, react covalently with macromolecules, or display spectral changes in response to chemical species of interest.


  • fluorophores;
  • membrane probes;
  • DNA probes;
  • sensors