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History of Immunology

  1. Arthur M Silverstein

Published Online: 25 APR 2001

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0003078

eLS

eLS

How to Cite

Silverstein, A. M. 2001. History of Immunology. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 APR 2001

Abstract

Immunity to disease has long been recognized, but only during the late nineteenth century, thanks to Louis Pasteur, Robert Koch, Elie Metchnikoff and Paul Ehrlich, did immunology become a true science able to explain mechanisms and to develop preventive vaccines. Originally medically oriented (1880–1910), the field passed through a stage of chemical domination (1910–1960) and then became biologically and, once again, medically oriented.

Keywords:

  • immunology;
  • allergy;
  • vaccination;
  • antibodies