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History of Biotechnology

  1. Robert Bud

Published Online: 28 MAY 2003

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0003086



How to Cite

Bud, R. 2003. History of Biotechnology. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Science Museum, London, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 MAY 2003


Biotechnology became a well-known industry in the late 1970s. Then it was seen to be based on recombinant DNA technology but the word biotechnology had been coined sixty years earlier and there had been an active debate since then about how life processes could be exploited to make useful products.


  • biotechnology;
  • bioengineering;
  • eugenics;
  • antibiotics;
  • genetic engineering;
  • recombinantDNA