Migration: Orientation and Navigation
Published Online: 25 APR 2001
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
How to Cite
Bairlein, F. 2001. Migration: Orientation and Navigation. eLS. .
- Published Online: 25 APR 2001
Directional or compass orientation does not require a geographically fixed reference whereas goal orientation or true navigation relies on knowledge of the previously experienced goal and the determination of the exact position relative to the goal.
- compass direction;
- biological compasses