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Range Limits

  1. Gregg Hartvigsen

Published Online: 3 MAY 2005

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0003238



How to Cite

Hartvigsen, G. 2005. Range Limits. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. State University of New York, College at Geneseo, New York, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 3 MAY 2005


The range of a species is the area over which individuals of that species can be found. To understand range we need to consider the behaviour of individuals (individual movement and the dispersal of propagules) and the biotic (resources, enemies, and competitors) and abiotic variables that influence the potential and actual range of species.


  • species range;
  • home range;
  • dispersal;
  • competition;
  • range expansion