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Paediatric Congenital Heart Disease

  1. Robert H Anderson1,
  2. Andrew N Redington2

Published Online: 19 APR 2001

DOI: 10.1038/npg.els.0003277



How to Cite

Anderson, R. H. and Redington, A. N. 2001. Paediatric Congenital Heart Disease. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    University College, London, UK

  2. 2

    Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, London, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 APR 2001


The understanding, diagnosis and treatment of congenital malformations of the heart has been revolutionized over the past few decades, reflecting not only a greater appreciation of the morphological variability to be found within the malformed hearts, but also huge advances in the design and construction of machines available for diagnosis, treatment and life support. Nowadays, despite the anatomical complexity, accurate diagnosis is to be expected in all cases, with the greater majority of patients expected to survive treatment, which is being undertaken progressively earlier in life.


  • sequential segmental analysis;
  • cross-sectional echocardiography;
  • catheterization;
  • angiography;
  • interventional catheterization;
  • open heart surgery